A. S. Jenkins1,2,3, B. Lacoste1,2,3, G. Geranton1,2,3, D. Gusakova1,2,3, B. Dieny1,2,3, U. Ebels1,2,3, L. D. Buda-Prejbeanu1,2,3
1. Univ. Grenoble Alpes, INAC-SPINTEC, F-38000 Grenoble, France
2. CEA, INAC-SPINTEC, F-38000 Grenoble, France
3. CNRS, SPINTEC, F-38000 Grenoble, France
Spin torque driven excitations in spin valves and tunnel junctions are often investigated for a two magnetic layer system for which a polarizer (fixed magnetization) and a free layer can be distinguished. In the search for improved microwave properties and to understand the role of different coupling mechanisms between the magnetic layers, here the excitation spectrum of an exchange coupled two layer synthetic ferrimagnet (SyF) system is investigated numerically with spin momentum transfer acting on both layers simultaneously. This self-polarised two layer system does not contain an external polarizer and excitation of coupled modes arises due to the mutual spin transfer torque and the RKKY interlayer exchange coupling. The current-field state diagrams of static and dynamic states are reported as a function of the interlayer exchange coupling strength. The numerically determined critical boundaries are well reproduced by an analytical stability analysis. The dynamic steady states reveal an optic-like mode at low magnetic fields, which becomes progressively acoustic-like for increased magnetic fields and currents. The frequency of these modes can be tuned by the film thickness and the strength of the interlayer exchange interaction. The results presented here will provide an important guide for designing spin torque oscillators that exploit the dynamic coupling between layers. Furthermore they will provide a basis to test analytical models of spin torque driven coupled excitations.
J. Appl. Phys. 115, 083911 (2014)